When you have made the important decisions about furniture placement, décor, and overall layout of the room, you need to make another important choice – the lighting design for the room. With excellent lighting you can transform a room from so-so to standout. But how do you go about lighting your home effectively? After all, it is not just about giving yourself enough light to see and work by. Take a look at these different lighting styles and find out how you can apply them to your rooms.
- Ambient Lighting
Perhaps the first thing you can consider when you are designing a lighting plan for a room is the ambient lighting, which is also referred to as the overall or general lighting. This is designed to create light across the whole room and will normally be controlled by the simple flick of a switch as you enter the room. You can find a wide variety of different ambient light sources including downwards light fittings, cove lighting, and floor lamps.
- Task Lighting
Task lighting is lighting that is used for a specific purpose, for example over a counter in the kitchen, next to an armchair for reading, on a desk where paperwork is completed, etc. Task lighting can come in many forms from an elaborate, old-fashioned floor lamp for the living room to heavyweight Industrial lighting in a study or kitchen.
- Accent Lighting
Accent lighting is an extra layer of lighting which highlights specific features in a room. You may want to show off some paintings, or a water feature in the garden. You can get accent lighting in many different forms which are suitable for different features, including alcove lighting and lights for bookcases. These lights do not have to be on all the time, and serve to highlight items when needed.
Within these three types of lighting there are various choices you can make about style of lighting, which include architectural lighting – lighting which is integrated into the structure of the room and is located in an alcove, in a cornice, or as part of a valence. This type of lighting is often used as ambient lighting. You also have recessed lighting which is used for any of the three types of lighting in the room. Other ways of lighting a room include track lighting, under cabinet lighting, and pendant lighting which is suspended from the ceiling in order to direct light downwards into the room.
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